The State of the Hijab in Spain Today: Marker of Identity and Tolerance

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The State of the Hijab in Spain Today: Marker of Identity and Tolerance

by Rebecca Fulp-Eickstaedt

Immigration is a key issue in present-day Spain, and immigration rates in the country are currently very high. Although overall immigration rates are steep, it is important to note that the majority of Spain’s immigrants originate from North Africa—and that many of these individuals practice Islam. For this reason, I decided to conduct a research project related to Spain’s Muslim immigrant population during my study abroad experience. Specifically, my Cádiz research paper focuses on the status of the hijab in Spain at the present moment. Because the Islamic headscarf acts as a religious and cultural symbol for Muslim women who choose to wear it, the hijab represents an important element in the identities of many immigrant women in Spain. Despite this reality, the headscarf has caused (and continues to cause) tension and conflict in some aspects of Spanish society.

Limiting Social Consciousness: The Effect of Legislation Change on Gender Equality in Spain

Campaña del juego y el juguete no sexista, no violento del Instituto Andaluz de la Mujer para sensibilizar a la población sobre la necesidad de eliminar el contenido sexista en el aula

Limiting Social Consciousness: The Effect of Legislation Change on Gender Equality in Spain

by Alexcia Chambers

Gender based violence is a considerable domestic issue in Spain today. To combat this problem, reformers have placed special emphasis on coeducation as a means of promoting gender equality and preventing gender-based violence. However these developments have created serious backlash from the current central government, which is fighting against coeducation in schools and undoing innovative legislation. In January 2012, the Spanish central government eliminated the course on Education for the Citizen, the only subject in the Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality that addressed the issue of gender equality. Consequently, issues such as homosexuality and gender equality no longer have an official place in Spanish classrooms. The elimination of this subject shows that progressive laws passed in recent years do not reflect the reality or the current mentality of Spanish society, nor does it reflect any desire to invest in the future of gender equality. Today, Spain has significantly higher levels of violence against women as compared with other European countries, providing tangible evidence that the macho mentality created under Franco’s dictatorship 40 years ago still exists today. Under the regime of Francisco Franco, Spain experienced political oppression and severe limitations on civil rights.

Gender conciliation and parental co-responsibility

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Gender conciliation and parental co-responsibility

by Elizabeth Thomason

This study focuses on the effects that women in the workplace have had on the familial roles in Spain. The incorporation of women in the workplace has taken place primarily in the last century and it has had profound effects on society as we know it. This study addresses the traditional roles of women and how they are progressing and evolving. This in turn requires a reevaluation of everyone’s roles in the home. These tasks have certainly not lost importance but they can also not be forced fully upon working women. This change necessitates a sharing of the burdens of the house and familial care between a couple. There are many social policies and programs that have been organized in Spain to help alleviate the stress of unequal workloads. These include conciliation and co-responsibility, both of which are outlined and discussed in more detail. Though only beginning in Spain now, these policies have the potential to benefit other societies that have incorporated women into the workforce but have not necessarily changed the way society views the roles and responsibilities of women in the home. Spanish conciliation and co-responsibility will be the role models for other countries. Hopefully these Spanish policies will light the way to form a truly productive society with well-cared for homes, children, and elderly, alongside content workers, both male and female.